Preface

For centuries, scientists studying drug abuse struggled in the shadows of misconceptions about the nature of addiction. According to NIDA when scientists began to study addictive behavior in the 1930s, people addicted to drugs were thought to be morally flawed and lacking in willpower. Those views shaped society’s responses to drug abuse, treating it as a moral failing rather than a health problem, which led to an emphasis on punishment rather than prevention and treatment. Today, thanks to science, our views and our responses to addiction and other substance use disorders have changed dramatically. The term addiction as used here may be regarded as equivalent to a severe substance use disorder as defined by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5, 2013). Addiction is a lot like other diseases, such as heart disease. Both disrupt the normal, healthy functioning of the underlying organ, have serious harmful consequences, and are preventable and treatable, but if left untreated, can lasts a lifetime. At the Center for Study of Drug Abuse in Universitas Islam Indonesia, we believe that increased understanding of the basics of addiction will empower people to make informed choices in their own lives, adopt science-based policies and programs that reduce drug abuse and addiction in their communities, and support scientific research that improves the human well-being. In general, one of the reason people begin taking drugs for curiosity and because others are doing it. In this respect, adolescents are particularly vulnerable because of the strong influence of peer pressure. Substance-related conditions confer a massive burden of disease, huge social costs, and a financial impact which...